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1205 Battle of Adramyttium  (Adramyttion) ★ ★ ★ ★
Outcome: A victory of the Latins against the Byzantines of Nicaea 19 March 1205
War  &  Enemy: Enemy:
Latin Crusaders
War:
Fourth Crusade
Battle Type:
Pitched Battle
The Battlefield Adramyttium Location:
Adramyttium, modern Edremit in northwestern Asia Minor
Modern Country:
Turkey
  The Byzantines(emperor:  Theodore I Laskaris) The Enemies
Commander: Constantine Laskaris Henry of Flanders
Forces: Unknown Unknown (certainly outnumbered)
Losses: heavy
Background story: In 1204, Constantinople was taken by the Crusaders of the Fourth Crusade and the Republic of Venice. This led to the collapse of the Byzantine Empire and the establishment of the Latin Empire. Baldwin of Flanders was crowned emperor in Hagia Sophia in May 1204.
Meanwhile, Theodore Laskaris was proclaimed Byzantine Emperor in Nicaea in 1205. Nicaea became the new center of the Greeks.
Henry of Flanders, brother of Baldwin I was encouraged by the Armenians to make an attempt on the city of Adramyttium. He left from Abydos, after leaving a garrison in the town, and rode for two days before encamping before Adramyttium. The city soon surrendered, and Henry proceeded to occupy the city, using it as a base to attack the Byzantines.
Theodore Laskaris collected as many people as he could from around Nicaea and assembled a large army. He gave the command of this force to his brother, Constantine Laskaris (shortly emperor after the capture of the capital), who was dispatched immediately to Adramyttium. Henry of Flanders had received word from the Armenians that a large Byzantine force was marching against him, so he prepared his limited forces as best he could.
The Battle:
Adramyttium
On March 19, 1205, Constantine Laskaris and his army appeared before the walls of the city. Henry, refusing to remain trapped behind the walls of Adramyttium, opened the gates and rode out with his heavy cavalry. The two sides engaged in close hand to hand combat, with victory falling to the Franks, who killed or captured much of the Byzantine army. The Franks went on to capture a large amount of weaponry and treasure in the aftermath.
Constantine Laskaris was probably killed in the battle, since his name is not mentioned again.
Noteworthy: According to Niketas Choniates, the commander of the Byzantine forces was not Constantine Laskaris, but Theodore Mangaphas, a usurper who held the city of Philadelphia.
Aftermath: It was the first major battle, after the fall of Constantinople in 1204, between the Latins and the Byzantines. There are two different accounts of the battle and it is possible that there were in fact 2 battles that took place in the same period there.