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1366 Battle of Gallipoli ★ ★ ★ ★
Outcome: The crusaders of Savoy recaptured Gallipoli for Byzantium 24 August 1366
War  &  Enemy: Enemy:
Ottoman Turks
Byzantine-Ottoman Wars
Battle Type:
City Capture
The Battlefield Gallipoli Location:
Gallipoli in eastern Thrace, modern Gelibolu
Modern Country:
  The Byzantines(emperor:   John V Palaiologos) The Enemies
Commander: Count Amadeus VI of Savoy Unknown
Forces: 16 ships, 100 men Unknown
Background story: The Ottoman Turks took Gallipoli after an earthquake in 1354. It was their first stronghold in Europe and it became a springboard for military operations in Thrace against the Byzantines and Bulgarians.
Most of eastern Thrace was overrun by Ottoman forces within a decade and permanently brought under Orhan's control by means of heavy colonization. In 1365 the Turks captured Adrianople and established their permanent presence in Europe.
The westerners realized that the Ottoman Turks were a serious threat and in 1366 Pope Urban V declared a crusade against them.
The Battle:
When Pope Urban V declared a crusade against the Ottomans, one of the few who actively campaigned was Count Amadeus VI of Savoy, who led a fleet of 16 galleys and 1,500 men to the Dardanelles. A sharp action captured Gallipoli but Amadeus withdrew after a bloody incursion into the Black Sea, handing the city to the Byzantines.
However, Gallipoli was not as strategically important in 1366 as it had been in 1354, with Thrace being already an Ottoman territory.
Noteworthy: Amadeus of Savoy was a cousin of the Byzantine Emperor John V Palaiologos from his mother Anna of Savoy.
Aftermath: In 1377 Andronikos IV Palaiologos gave Gallipoli back o the Turks in exchange for their support in the Byzantine civil war against John V.