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677 Naval Battle of Syllaeum ★ ★ ★ ★
Outcome: A victory of the Byzantines at sea against the Arabs 677
War  &  Enemy: Enemy:
Early Byzantine-Muslim Wars
Battle Type:
Naval Battle
The Battlefield Syllaeum Location:
Near Attaleia (modern Antalya) in Pamphylia, Southern Turkey
Modern Country:
  The Byzantines(emperor:  Constantine IV) The Enemies
Commander: Unknown Unknown
Forces: Unknown Unknown
Losses: Unknown Almost the entire fleet was destroyed
Background story: Despite defeat on land at Amorium (669), Caliph Muawiya established a presence in the Sea of Marmara at Cyzicus and began a blockade of Constantinople (672). The Arab fleet had continually harassed the Byzantine navy for years, starting in 672. In 677 they launched raids along the coast of Anatolia, into the Sea of Marmara.
The Battle:
Byzantine emperor Constantine IV sent his fleet to meet the Arabs at Syllaeum (near Attaleia in Pamphylia, Southern Turkey), and the Arab fleet was destroyed by Greek fire, a new Byzantine weapon that had been used for the first time only a few years before. As the Arabs retreated they were caught in a storm that sank nearly all of their ships.
Meanwhile, the Byzantine army pursued the Arabs back to Syria and defeated them there.
Aftermath: The Byzantine victories of this period ended the immediate Arab threat to eastern Europe, and the peace lasted for almost 30 years.