|359||Siege of Amida||★ ★ ★ ★ ★|
|Outcome:||The Persians captured Amida suffering heavy losses||6 October 359|
|War & Enemy:||
Later Roman-Persian Wars
|The Battlefield|| Location:
Modern Diyarbakir in South-Eastern Asia Minor
| Modern Country:
|The Byzantines(emperor: Constantius II)||The Enemies|
|Commander:||Count Aelianus||Shah Shapur II|
|Background story:||In 359, the Sassanid King Shapur II ended the truce signed after Nisibis in 350 AD and marched towards the Euphrates.|
The Sassanid plan was to bypass difficult fortresses like Nisibis and march straight into Syria. When his forces approached Amida, the Sassanids were provoked into attacking the city. The Sassanids attempted to capture the city several times but every time it ended with disaster. Many times siege towers were set on fire by the Romans. During the siege, plague broke out in Amida but ended after ten days by a light rain.
Shapur II, conqueror of Amida, along with Shapur III
After a 73-day siege, the Roman garrison agreed to surrender, but was massacred. However, heavy Persian losses (over 30,000) made Shapur to withdraw.