|640||Capture of Babylon||★ ★ ★ ★ ★|
|Outcome:||The Arabs captured the key fortress of Babylon in Egypt||21 December 640|
|War & Enemy:||
Muslim Conquest of Egypt
|The Battlefield|| Location:
In modern Coptic Cairo, in Egypt
| Modern Country:
|The Byzantines(emperor: Heraclius)||The Enemies|
|Commander:||Theodore||Amr ibn al-As|
|Background story:||Muslim General Amr ibn al-As defeated the Byzantine army at Heliopolis, then besieged the heavily fortified citadel of Babylon, near modern Cairo. The castle was upon the right (eastern) bank of the Nile, at the boundary between Lower and Middle Egypt, where the river craft paid tolls when ascending or descending the Nile.
Despite treacherous negotiations between the Arabs and Cyrus, Patriarch of Alexandria, the citadel held out, until the death of Emperor Heraclius ended any hope of relief.
After negotiations had failed, the Muslims took the initiative on 20 December, when, in a night assault, a company of hand picked warriors led by Zubair managed to scale the wall, kill the guards and open the gates for the Muslim army to enter. The city of Babylon was captured by the Muslims on 21 December 640, using tactics similar to those used by Khalid ibn Walid at Damascus. The fortress fell after a siege of 7 months. Theodore, the Greek military commander of Egypt, and his army managed to slip away to the island of Rauda during the night.
After the capture of Babylon, the road to Alexandria was open.
|Aftermath:||After Babylon, the road to Alexandria and to the rest of Egypt was open.|