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708 Battle of Anchialus (1st)  (Anchialos) ★ ★ ★ ★ ★
Outcome: A Bulgarian victory which secured their territory for 200 years 708
War  &  Enemy: Enemy:
Bulgarians
War:
Early Bulgarian Wars
Battle Type:
Surprise Attack
The Battlefield Anchialus (1st) Location:
At Anchialus (modern Pomorie) on Bulgaria's Black Sea coast, in Burgas region
Modern Country:
Bulgaria
  The Byzantines(emperor:  Justinian II Rhinotmetos) The Enemies
Commander: Emperor Justinian II Khan Tervel
Forces: Unknown Unknown
Losses: Heavy
Background story: In 705, the Bulgarian Khan Tervel helped the dethroned Byzantine emperor, Justinian II to regain his throne after 10 years in exile. To show his gratitude, Justinian gave the Bulgarians an enormous quantity of gold, silver and silk as well as the "Zagore " territory, located between Stara Zagora, Sliven and the Black Sea.
Three years later, Justinian II, had second thoughts and decided to invade Bulgaria and restore his rule over Bulgarian-occupied lands.
The Battle:
Anchialus (1st)
Bulgar warriors
The Byzantines reached the Anchialus seaside fortress and set their camp there unaware of the fact that the Bulgarian army was in the vicinity.
While they started to organize their staying there, Tervel and his cavalry charged the outermost Byzantine troops. At the same time, his infantry attacked the camp. The Byzantines were surprised and confused; most of them perished in the battle or were captured as well as many horses and arms. The emperor was one of the few who managed to reach the fortress and escape to Constantinople on a ship.
Noteworthy:
Aftermath: After this battle the Bulgarians secured the new territorial gains for at least two centuries.