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588 Battle of Martyropolis ★ ★ ★ ★
Outcome: A Byzantine victory against Persians who suffered heavy losses summer 588
War  &  Enemy: Enemy:
Sassanid Persians
Byzantine-Persian Wars
Battle Type:
Pitched Battle
The Battlefield Martyropolis Location:
Modern Silvan in the Diyarbakir Province
Modern Country:
  The Byzantines(emperor:  Maurice (Mauricius)) The Enemies
Commander: General Germanus General Maruzas
Forces: 4,000 (?)-outnumbered Unknown
Losses: heavy, 3000 prisoners, only 1000 survived
Background story: The Byzantine army of the East had been weakened by a mutiny in April 588, caused by unpopular cost-cutting measures and directed against the new commander, Priscus. Priscus was attacked and fled the army camp, and the mutineers chose the dux of Phoenice Libanensis, Germanus, as their temporary leader. Emperor Maurice then restored the former commander, Philippicus, to the post, but before he could arrive and take control, the Persians, taking advantage of the disorder, invaded Byzantine territory and attacked Constantina.
The Battle:
Germanus organized a force of a thousand men which relieved the siege of Constantia. Then, he led an army of possibly 4,000 men north to Martyropolis, from where he launched another raid across the border into Arzanene. The attack was blocked by the Persian general Maruzas and turned back. The Persians followed close behind, and a battle was fought near Martyropolis which resulted in a major Byzantine victory. Maruzas was killed, several of the Persian leaders were captured along with 3,000 other prisoners, and only a thousand men survived to reach refuge at Nisibis. The Byzantines secured much booty, including the Persian battle standards, and sent them along with Maruzas' head to Maurice in Constantinople.