|1077||Battle of Nicaea||★ ★ ★ ★ ★|
|Outcome:||Victory of the rebel army of Nikephoros Botaneiates who became emperor||1077|
|War & Enemy:||
|The Battlefield|| Location:
Nicaea (modern Iznik), on the eastern shore of Lake Iznik
| Modern Country:
|The Byzantines(emperor: Michael VII Doukas)||The Enemies|
|Background story:||Nikephoros Botaneiates had served as general from the reign of Constantine IX. Drawn to politics, he had been an active participant in the uprising that brought Isaac I to the throne in 1057, including a prominent role in the Battle of Petroe.
Excluded from Romanos' campaign at Manzikert, he retired to his estates in Anatolia. Later, under Michael VII Doukas, he became strategos of the Anatolic theme and became a protagonist in the turmoil that followed the defeat in Manzikert.
In 1078 Nikephoros Botaneiates revolted against Emperor Michael VII and his finance minister Nikephoritzes who were hated by the people, and with the support of the Seljuk Turks who provided him with valuable troops, he marched upon Nicaea. There, he defeated the imperial army and he proclaimed himself emperor.
In the face of another rebellious general, Nikephoros Bryennios, his election was ratified by the aristocracy and clergy, while Michael VII abdicated and became a monk.
|Aftermath:||On 24 March 1078, Nikephoros III Botaneiates entered Constantinople in triumph and was crowned emperor.|