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994 Battle of Orontes ★ ★ ★ ★
Outcome: Defeat of a Byzantine force by the Arabs 15 September 994
War  &  Enemy: Enemy:
Arabs (Fatimids)
War:
Later Byzantine-Muslim Wars
Battle Type:
Pitched Battle
The Battlefield Orontes Location:
55 km to the northwest of Hama, Syria
Modern Country:
Syria
  The Byzantines(emperor:  Basil II Bulgaroktonos) The Enemies
Commander: General Michael Bourtzes General Manjutakin
Forces: Unknown Unknown
Losses: 5,000
Background story: In the 990s, the Byzantine Empire and the Fatimids were involved in a war in Syria, which also involved the Byzantine vassal state of Aleppo, controlled by the Hamdanid dynasty. In 993/994, the Fatimid governor of Damascus, the Turkish general Manjutakin, besieged Apamea, and Michael Bourtzes, the Byzantine doux of Antioch, came forth to relieve the city in alliance with the Hamdanid Arabs of Aleppo.
The Battle:
Orontes
The two armies met across two fords on the Orontes River near Apamea on 15 September 994. Manjutakin sent his forces to attack the Byzantines' Hamdanid allies across one ford while pinning the main Byzantine force down on the other. His men succeeded in breaking through the Hamdanids, turned round and attacked the Byzantine force in the rear. The Byzantine army panicked and fled, losing some 5,000 men in the process. This defeat led to the direct intervention of Byzantine emperor Basil II, and Bourtzes' dismissal from his post
Noteworthy:
Aftermath: This defeat led to the direct intervention of Byzantine emperor Basil II, and Bourtzes' dismissal from his post and his replacement by Damian Dalassenos.