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363 Siege of Maogamalcha  (Maiozamalcha) ★ ★ ★ ★ ★
Outcome: The Romans captured and destroyed the city of Maogamalcha 10-13 May 363
War  &  Enemy: Enemy:
Sassanid Persians
Later Roman-Persian Wars
Battle Type:
City Capture
The Battlefield Maogamalcha Location:
On the Tigris-Euphrates canal, near ancient Ctesiphon
Modern Country:
  The Byzantines(emperor:  Julian the Apostate) The Enemies
Commander: Emperor Julian Unknown
Forces: 65,000 Unknown
Background story: In response to earlier attacks on Roman Mesopotamia by Shapur II of Sassanid Persia, Emperor Julian decided to deal with the Persian threat. On 5 March 363, despite a series of omens against the campaign, Julian departed from Antioch with a large army of 80,000–90,000 men.
The Battle:
Sassanid warriors
Emperor Julian advanced down the Euphrates against Sassanid Shah Shapur II of Persia, where he razed Pirisabora, then moved along the strategic canal to the Tigris against the powerful fortress city of Maogamalcha, the last major defense before the capital. The fortress was considered impregnable but after a brutal siege, the Romans stormed the city, which was pillaged and destroyed, then advanced on Ctesiphon. As the army marched toward the Persian capital, the enemy broke the dikes which crossed the land, turning it into marshland, so the army's progress was slowed.