|1317-1326||Siege of Brusa (Prusa)||★ ★ ★ ★ ★|
|Outcome:||The Ottoman Turks captured Prusa after a 9-year siege and started an empire||1317-6 April 1326|
|War & Enemy:||
|The Battlefield|| Location:
Bursa in modern Turkey
| Modern Country:
|The Byzantines(emperor: Andronikos II Palaiologos)||The Enemies|
|Commander:||Unknown||Sultans Osman I, Orhan I|
|Background story:||In 1302, after soundly defeating a Byzantine force in the battle of Bapheus, Osman began settling his forces closer to Byzantine controlled areas. Large numbers of Ghazi warriors, Islamic scholars and dervishes began settling in Osman-controlled areas, and migrants from all parts of the Muslim world composed the bulk of his army.
Alarmed by Osman's growing influence, the Byzantines gradually fled the Anatolian countryside and dedicated their resources to the Navy instead. Byzantine leadership was determined to prevent Osman from crossing into Europe and attempted to contain Ottoman expansion westward. Osman however continued to press westward and captured the Byzantine city of Ephesus near the Aegean Sea. Further strengthened by the influx of migrants into his territory, Osman also moved eastward and seized Byzantine domains in the Black Sea region of Anatolia.
Osman's last campaign, before dying of old age, was against the Byzantines in the city of Bursa.
Osman I expanded his power south of the Sea of Marmara, where he besieged the Byzantine city of Prusa (Bursa) in the north-western Asia Minor. The Ottomans had not besieged a city before; the lack of expertise in this kind of warfare meant that the city fell only after nine years.
Osman’s son Orhan Gazi led the final assault and carried news of Bursa’s fall to his dying father.
|Aftermath:||The capture of Bursa established the Ottoman Turks as the major power in Asia Minor, beginning the Ottoman Empire. Bursa became Ottoman capital until the fall of Adrianople in 1362 .|