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1354 Fall of Gallipoli ★ ★ ★ ★ ★
Outcome: After an earthquake the Ottomans took Gallipoli and set foot in Europe 2 March 1354
War  &  Enemy: Enemy:
Ottoman Turks
Byzantine-Ottoman Wars
Battle Type:
City Capture
The Battlefield Gallipoli Location:
Gallipoli in eastern Thrace, modern Gelibolu
Modern Country:
  The Byzantines(emperor:  John VI Kantakouzenos) The Enemies
Commander: Unknown Suleiman Pasha
Forces: Unknown Unknown
Background story: During the disastrous Byzantine civil war of 1352–1357, Turkish mercenaries allied to the emperor John VI Kantakouzenos plundered most of Byzantine Thrace and around 1352 were granted, as a reward for their services, the small fortress of Tzympe near Gallipoli. A fatal mistake.
According to a different explanation, the Turks just refused to leave Europe…
The Battle:
On 2 March 1354, the area of Gallipoli was struck by an earthquake which destroyed hundreds of villages and towns in the area. It also destroyed the walls of Gallipoli. Nearly every building in the city was destroyed, causing the Greek inhabitants to evacuate it. Within a month, Suleiman Pasha seized the site, quickly fortifying it and populating it with Turkish families brought over from Anatolia.
Noteworthy: John VI offered cash to Sultan Orhan I to vacate the city, but was refused. The sultan said he had not taken the city by force and could not give up something which had been granted to him by Allah.
Aftermath: The Turks set foot in Europe. In less than ten years, nearly all of Byzantine Thrace had fallen to the Turks. Due to the loss of Gallipoli Kantakouzenos' position became unstable, and he was overthrown in November of 1354.