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843 Capture of Messina ★ ★ ★ ★
Outcome: The Arabs conquered Messina and other cities in Sicily 843
War  &  Enemy: Enemy:
Arabs (Aghlabids)
Muslim conquest of Sicily
Battle Type:
City Capture
The Battlefield Messina Location:
Messina, Sicily
Modern Country:
  The Byzantines(emperor:  Theodora) The Enemies
Commander: al Fadl ibn Djafar
Background story:
The Battle:
As Muslim forces slowly conquered Byzantine Sicily, securing the city of Palermo in 831, the Arab General al Fadl ibn Djafar, with aid from Christian ally Andrew II of Naples, laid siege by land and sea to Messina in the northeast. Feigning a withdrawal on land, he launched a massive diversionary assault by sea then rushed the landward walls. The city capitulated and the Muslims continued their expansion in Sicily.
Aftermath: In 845, Modica also fell, and the Byzantines suffered a crushing defeat near Butera, losing about 10,000 men. Lentini was conquered in 846, and Ragusa followed in 848.