|502-503||Battle of Amida||★ ★ ★ ★ ★|
|Outcome:||The Persians captured the city of Amida and a massacre followed||Oct 502-11 Jan 503|
|War & Enemy:||
Anastasian War [502-506]
|The Battlefield|| Location:
Modern Diyarbakir in South-Eastern Asia Minor
| Modern Country:
|The Byzantines(emperor: Anastasius I)||The Enemies|
|Commander:||Unknown||Shah Kavadh I|
|Background story:||The Persian king Kavadh I needed money to pay his debts to the Hephthalites who had helped him regain his throne. Moreover, recent changes in the flow of the Tigris brought famine and floods. When Emperor Anastasius I refused to provide any help, Kavadh tried to find money by force.
In 502, Kavadh quickly captured the unprepared city of Theodosiopolis (modern Erzurum) which was soon retaken by the Romans, but Kavadh then besieged the fortress-city of Amida through the autumn and winter (502-503). The siege of the city proved to be far more difficult than Kavadh expected; the defenders, although unsupported by troops, repelled the Persian assaults for three months before they were finally beaten. Amida’s fall was followed by three days of slaughter.
Siege of Amida by the Persians