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338 Siege of Nisibis (1st) ★ ★ ★ ★ ★
Outcome: An unsuccessful siege of the fortress-city of Nisibis by the Persians 338
War  &  Enemy: Enemy:
Sassanid Persians
Later Roman-Persian Wars
Battle Type:
The Battlefield Nisibis (1st) Location:
Modern Nusaybin, in southeastern Anatolia on the Syrian borders
Modern Country:
  The Byzantines(emperor:  Constantius II) The Enemies
Commander: General Lucilianus Shah Shapur II
Forces: Unknown Unknown
Background story: Following the death of Emperor Constantine in 337, Shapur II (or Sapor II) of Sassanid Persia sought to regain old territories previously lost to the Eastern Roman Empire. After crushing Lakhmid Arabs rebellion in the south, he invaded Roman Mesopotamia and recaptured Armenia. From there, he started his first campaign against Constantius II, a campaign which was mostly unsuccessful for the Persians.
The Battle:
Nisibis (1st)
Persian warriors
Shapur II besieged Nisibis (also known as Antioch Mygdoniae) in 338 with a huge army, including elephants and massive siege machines. Bishop Jacob (known also as St James of Nisibis) inspired a brilliant defense and, after 63 days, Shapur was forced to withdraw. A three-month second siege in 344 (or 346) for which details are not known, also failed.