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978 Battle of Pancalia  (Amorium) ★ ★ ★ ★
Outcome: A victory of the forces of the rebel general Vardas Scleros 19 June 978
War  &  Enemy: Enemy:
(Civil War)
Military Revolts
Battle Type:
Pitched Battle
The Battlefield Pancalia Location:
Near Amorion, modern village Hisarköy, in Afyonkarahisar Province in Turkey
Modern Country:
  The Byzantines(emperor:  Basil II Bulgaroktonos) The Enemies
Commander: General Bardas Phocas General Bardas Skleros
Forces: Unknown Unknown
Background story: After the death of emperor John I Tzimisces, the chief of the army Bardas Scleros -the winner in Arcadiopolis- aspired to replace him as an acting emperor. The eunuch Basil Lekapenos, who actually led the imperial government, in the name of Basil II and his brother, had other plans, however, deposing Bardas from his post and appointing him as governor of Mesopotamia.
Scleros, with the support of Armenian, Georgian and even Muslim rulers in the East, rebelled and by the end of 976 became master of the most part of Asia Minor. Lekapenos sent against him an imperial army which was defeated near Rhageai.
The Battle:
Clash between the armies of Skleros and Phokas
Lekapenos recalled from exile Bardas Phocas the Younger, a general who had revolted in the previous reign and was defeated, then, by Bardas Skleros. Phocas left Constantinople marching to Caesarea. Skleros left Nicaea for the East and met Phocas in a battle at Pancalia, near Amorion, in June 978. Phocas was defeated, but he managed to regroup his forces and continue his march to the East, drawing Skleros away from Constantinople.
Noteworthy: According to Psellos, Scleros was "a man who was not only a competent planner, but extremely clever, possessed of vast wealth, with the prestige of royal blood and of success in great wars, with all the military caste at his side".
Aftermath: Scleros won another battle, the same year, in Basilika Therma, further in the east, but he was defeated finally, the following year, at Aquae Saravenae.