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611 Capture of Antioch ★ ★ ★ ★
Outcome: Capture of Antioch, Syria by the Persians May 611
War  &  Enemy: Enemy:
Sassanid Persians
Byzantine-Persian Wars
Battle Type:
City Capture
The Battlefield Antioch Location:
In "Antioch the Great" or Antioch on the Orontes or Antioch of Syria, near modern Antakya, Turkey
Modern Country:
  The Byzantines(emperor:  Heraclius) The Enemies
Commander: Khosrau II
Background story:
The Battle:
In 602, when Emperor Maurice was murdered by Phocas, who usurped the Byzantine throne, Khosrau II launched an offensive against Constantinople, ostensibly to avenge Maurice's death, but clearly aiming at expanding his empire to the west, taking advantage of the turmoil in Byzantine affairs. His armies invaded and plundered Syria and Asia Minor, and in 608 advanced into Chalcedon.
In 611 he captured the key Byzantine city of Antioch, in Syria.
Aftermath: Emperor Heraclius failed to retake Antioch in 622. It was evacuated by the Persians in 628, following the overthrow of Chosroes.