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540 Capture of Antioch ★ ★ ★ ★
Outcome: The Persians captured and destroyed the city June 540
War  &  Enemy: Enemy:
Sassanid Persians
Byzantine-Persian Wars
Battle Type:
City Capture
The Battlefield Antioch Location:
In "Antioch the Great" or Antioch on the Orontes or Antioch of Syria, near modern Antakya, Turkey
Modern Country:
  The Byzantines(emperor:  Justinian I) The Enemies
Commander: Khosrau I
Losses: 300,000 inhabitants massacred
Background story:
The Battle:
In breach of the "Endless" Peace (Pax Perpetuum) signed with Justinian in 532, Khosrau I (Chosroes I) campaigned up the Euphrates, where he captured Sura and Beroea, and besieged Antioch. The walls of Antioch had been greatly damaged during an earthquake in 525-526, and the Romans had not since repaired them because of the costly western military campaigns. When the city refused to surrender, it was taken by storm, then sacked and burned. Antioch’s population and much of its movable wealth was relocated to build a new city near Ctesiphon. Khosrau returned home via Dara.
Aftermath: Justinian I made an effort to rebuild and revive the city but its glory was past.