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830-831 Capture of Palermo ★ ★ ★ ★ ★
Outcome: The Arabs captured Palermo and other towns in western Sicily 12 Sep 831
War  &  Enemy: Enemy:
Arabs & Berbers
Muslim conquest of Sicily
Battle Type:
City Capture
The Battlefield Palermo Location:
Palermo, Sicily
Modern Country:
  The Byzantines(emperor:  Theophilos) The Enemies
Commander: Unknown Unknown
Forces: Unknown Unknown
Background story:
The Battle:
Arab invaders of Byzantine Sicily were driven off from a failed siege of Syracuse (827-828) and held only Mazara and Mineo. In 830, they received a strong reinforcement of 30,000 African and Spanish troops. The Spanish Muslims defeated the Byzantine commander Theodotus in July and August of that year, but a plague once again forced them to return to Mazara and then to Africa. The African Berber units which had been sent to besiege Palermo managed to capture it after a year-long siege in September 831.
The war dragged on for the following years. In 834 the Arabs occupied Platani, Caltabellotta, Corleone, Marineo and Geraci, taking control of western Sicily.
Aftermath: The key northern city became the capital of Muslim Sicily, renamed by the Arabs as al-Madinah.