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1030 Battle of Azaz ★ ★ ★ ★
Outcome: A Byzantine defeat by the Arabs in a poorly designed expedition 1030
War  &  Enemy: Enemy:
Arabs (Mirdasids)
Later Byzantine-Muslim Wars
Battle Type:
The Battlefield Azaz Location:
Near modern Aleppo or Halab in Northern Syria
Modern Country:
  The Byzantines(emperor:  Romanos III Argyros) The Enemies
Commander: Emperor Romanos III Argyros Unknown
Forces: Unknown Unknown
Losses: 10,000 (?)
Background story: In 1030, Emperor Romanos III Argyros decided to retaliate upon the incursions of the Muslims on the eastern frontier by leading a large army in person to secure Antioch, then marched east against Aleppo. The Emir of Aleppo sued for peace but Romanos refused to negotiate.
The Battle:
The Byzantine army encamped in Azaz, near Aleppo. There, it was encircled by the Arabs who cut off the Byzantines from food and water. Romanos ordered a retreat to Antioch. As the army was exhausted from the heat and the lack of supplies, the retreat soon turned into a flight in panic, with perhaps 10,000 killed.
Romanos himself barely escaped, but he managed eventually to flee to Antioch and later to Constantinople.
Aftermath: The popularity of Romanos II never recovered after this defeat, although he immediately sent general Theoktistos who beat the Arabs of Aleppo and extracted a tribute. The Byzantine prestige was fully restored after the capture of Edessa next year.