|1030||Battle of Azaz||★ ★ ★ ★ ★|
|Outcome:||A Byzantine defeat by the Arabs in a poorly designed expedition||1030|
|War & Enemy:||
Later Byzantine-Muslim Wars
|The Battlefield|| Location:
Near modern Aleppo or Halab in Northern Syria
| Modern Country:
|The Byzantines(emperor: Romanos III Argyros)||The Enemies|
|Commander:||Emperor Romanos III Argyros||Unknown|
|Background story:||In 1030, Emperor Romanos III Argyros decided to retaliate upon the incursions of the Muslims on the eastern frontier by leading a large army in person to secure Antioch, then marched east against Aleppo. The Emir of Aleppo sued for peace but Romanos refused to negotiate.|
The Byzantine army encamped in Azaz, near Aleppo. There, it was encircled by the Arabs who cut off the Byzantines from food and water. Romanos ordered a retreat to Antioch. As the army was exhausted from the heat and the lack of supplies, the retreat soon turned into a flight in panic, with perhaps 10,000 killed.
Romanos himself barely escaped, but he managed eventually to flee to Antioch and later to Constantinople.
|Aftermath:||The popularity of Romanos II never recovered after this defeat, although he immediately sent general Theoktistos who beat the Arabs of Aleppo and extracted a tribute. The Byzantine prestige was fully restored after the capture of Edessa next year.|