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1254 Battle of Adrianople ★ ★ ★ ★
Outcome: A decisive victory of the Byzantines of Nicaea against the Bulgarians 1254
War  &  Enemy: Enemy:
Bulgarians
War:
Nicaean-Bulgarian Wars
Battle Type:
Pitched Battle
The Battlefield Adrianople Location:
Adrianople (modern Edirne, Turkey) in Eastern Thrace near the borders with Greece and Europe.
Modern Country:
Turkey
  The Byzantines(emperor:  Theodore II Laskaris) The Enemies
Commander: Emperor Theodore II Laskaris Tsar Michael II Asen
Forces: Unknown Unknown
Losses: Heavy
Background story: When the great Emperor of Nicaea John III Doukas Vatatzes died in 1254, the Bulgarians thought that it was a good opportunity to recover lands that had been lost to the Byzantines of Nicaea in Macedonia and Thrace. The young and inexperienced Tsar Michael II Asen (also mentioned as Michael Asen I) led a campaign which met with initial success, overrunning Thrace and obtaining the surrender of various fortresses in the Rhodope Mountains area by the sympathetic local population.
The Battle:
Adrianople
Theodore II Lascaris
The new Greek Emperor, the son of Vatatzes, Theodore II Laskaris , in spite of his own scholarly predisposition, moved very fast against the Bulgarians, caught them by surprise and in a battle, that took place in Adrianople, won a decisive victory. The Bulgarians suffered heavy losses and Michael II Asen was wounded during his hasty flight through a forest.
Noteworthy:
Aftermath: Next year, Michael II Asen attempted to strike back with an army of Cuman foederati and he was defeated again. In 1256 the belligerents concluded a peace which was favorable for the Greeks. The failures caused the end of the 2nd Bulgarian Empire.