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1331-1337 Battle of Nicomedia ★ ★ ★ ★
Outcome: The Turks took the last important Byzantine city in North Asia Minor 1331-1337
War  &  Enemy: Enemy:
Ottoman Turks
Byzantine-Ottoman Wars
Battle Type:
City Capture
The Battlefield Nicomedia Location:
Near Nicomedia, modern Izmit in northwestern Minor Asia at the Marmara sea
Modern Country:
  The Byzantines(emperor:  Andronikos III Palaiologos) The Enemies
Commander: Unknown Sultan Orhan I
Forces: Unknown Unknown
Background story: By 1326, lands around Nicaea had fallen into the hands of Osman I. He had also captured the city of Bursa, establishing a capital dangerously close to the Byzantine capital of Constantinople.
In 1329, emperor Andronicos III attempted to campaign in Bithynia. He led a relief force to drive the Ottomans away from both Nicomedia and Nicaea. After some minor successes, however, the force suffered a defeat at Pelekanon and withdrew.
That was the last presence of the Byzantine army in Asia Minor.
The Battle:
Following the Byzantine defeat at Nicaea in 1331, the loss of Nicomedia was only a matter of time for the Byzantines. The Byzantine emperor attempted to bribe the Ottoman leader Orhan, without results. He was not in position to send military aid either. In 1337, Nicomedia was attacked and fell to the Ottomans.
Aftermath: The Byzantine empire never recovered from the losses during this period. The last Asian stronghold was now Philadelphia.