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377 Battle of Ad Salices  (Battle of the Willows) ★ ★ ★ ★ ★
Outcome: A bloody bate against the Goths without a winner 377
War  &  Enemy: Enemy:
Goths (misc tribes)
Gothic Wars
Battle Type:
Pitched Battle
The Battlefield Ad Salices Location:
At a road way-station called Ad Salices ("by the Willows"), probably within 15km from Marcianople (modern Devnya, Bulgaria). Exact location is unknown.
Modern Country:
  The Byzantines(emperor:  Valens) The Enemies
Commander: Comes Richomeres Chieftain Fritige
Forces: possibly, around 50,000 unknown bur definitely outnumbered
Background story: Goths under Fritigern and Alvivus crossed the Danube with the permission of Emperor Valens (376) When the starving Goths were denied entry to the city of Marcianopolis, revolted, annihilated a local Roman army and started to plunder the region.
The Battle:
Ad Salices
In order to deal with the situation in Marcianopolis, forces from the Western Roman Empire under the command of count Richomeres advanced westward, while forces of the Eastern Roman Empire under Traianus and Profuturus advanced northward where they joined forces to attack the Goths. They drove the Goths into a marshy region, at a place called Ad Salices (by the willows).
Details of the ensuing battle are not known. What it is known is that the battle lasted the whole day and ended with nightfall, with heavy losses for both sides, without a clear winner. A year later the Goths killed Valens himself at Adrianople.
Aftermath: This was the first major battle of the Gothic War (376-382).
The Roman Empire had to deal with an autonomous barbarian tribe inside the borders of the Empire, a situation that would have been unthinkable in the past.